One 12 months in the past, I wrote a bear case for AMD. Let’s evaluation. : shares

About me: I like to put in writing about semiconductor corporations and tech shares. My earlier evaluation (examples: 1, 2, 3, 4) have been upvoted to the highest of r/shares or close to the highest. I observed that Wallstreet tends to be very late on seeing future developments of chipmakers, which allowed me to make a good revenue. For instance, it was solely final week when Barclays downgraded AMD on aggressive developments. I first warned about this precise one thing, in additional element round a 12 months in the past.

I additionally advisable Nvidia, Apple, Microsoft, TSMC, Amazon over AMD. This suggestion has performed effectively as they’ve collectively been a lot better than AMD. I consider these corporations will proceed to beat AMD over the long term.

Be aware that I rode AMD from $12 to round $80. Then I switched out to the above corporations primarily based on the thesis beneath. It has performed extraordinarily effectively for me.

Authentic publish:

The fundamental premise was that the computing business as an entire is transferring away from a duopoly (typically monopoly) of Intel and AMD. x86 chips (which is what AMD and Intel make) are being changed at a speedy price on servers, and Apple Silicon jump-started the swap on the laptop computer and desktop degree.

AMD was lucky sufficient to catch Intel’s pants down and it was lucky sufficient to be making GPUs through the crypto growth.

However when the mud settles, AMD’s future seems bleak.

Let’s evaluation a few of my predictions beneath with feedback in daring.


Most individuals right here give attention to AMD vs Intel or AMD vs Nvidia prefer it’s nonetheless 2010.

In 2021, it is AMD vs Intel, Nvidia, ARM, Apple, Microsoft, Qualcomm, Google, Baidu, Tencent, Ampere, Nuvia.

It is robust to see an exponential pattern while you’re initially. This publish spells out the developments for all AMD markets.

ARM Assault on shopper x86 market:

  • x86 market shrank by 10% the second Apple introduced a full transition to ARM True. Apple Silicon is each sooner, and way more environment friendly than AMD’s absolute best chips as we speak. Apple’s Macs are rising extraordinarily quick in consequence.

  • Even worse, Apple is the forcing operate for PC software program makers to assist ARM, paving the best way for Home windows ARM True. A ton of software program makers have developed ARM variations within the final 2 years.

  • Microsoft has simply introduced x86 emulation on their Home windows ARM OS Home windows 11 ARM can now emulate x86 apps. Paving the best way for ARM CPU makers on Home windows.

  • Apple’s entry-level M1 is quicker than 4900HS by 55% in single-core and three.7% in multi-core whereas utilizing 5x much less energy. You should purchase an M1 laptop computer as we speak whereas the 4900HS is a extremely binned-part.

  • Apple’s entry-level iGPU blows away the perfect AMD iGPU

  • Apple’s ARM chip permits the entry-level Macbook Professional to have 20 hours of battery life whereas staying extraordinarily cool

  • Apple is readying 8,16, 32 core SoCs. For reference, M1 has solely 4-high efficiency cores.

  • Apple is poised to considerably improve PC market-share, 100% inside 3 years. On tempo.

  • To be able to compete, PC makers like Dell, Lenovo, and HP will more and more look to ARM alternate options

  • Microsoft is engaged on in-house ARM chips for Floor Sure. They employed Apple ARM architect. They’re planning ARM chips for Azure as effectively.

  • Qualcomm is anticipated to turn out to be a severe participant within the laptop computer house Sure. They purchased Nuvia for $1.4 billion to give attention to laptops (as the primary market).

ARM Assault on hyperscalers market:

  • AWS’s Graviton2 workload elevated by 10x final 12 months. In only one 12 months, Graviton2 is now 10% of all AWS CPU workloads. In 2020, Graviton2 accounted for 50% of all new EC2 situations. It is possible way more in 2022. Amazon simply introduced Graviton3.

  • Like Apple in shopper market, Amazon is the forcing operate for higher ARM server software program assist Sure. Nearly all common server software program now have ARM variations.

  • Amazon will most definitely prioritize in-house designs over x86 chips. Sooner or later, Amazon will possible provide x86 just for legacy software program. Wanting prefer it. Search for Graviton3. Amazon is all in.

  • AWS controls 40% of the cloud. If AWS strikes most of its future workload to its personal CPUs, then AMD can management at greatest 60% of what Intel used to contol.

  • In home ARM chips permit hyperscalers to distinguish, save on value, and construct chips tailor-made to their distinctive challenges

  • Microsoft is designing its personal ARM cloud chips Sure

  • You may anticipate Google, Baidu, Tencent to comply with quickly Sure. Alibaba, Tencent each launched customized ARM chips for his or her clouds. Baidu will quickly as effectively. Google has signaled that they are going to be growing customized ARM chips for his or her cloud.

  • Hyperscalers do not wish to be managed by a duopoly. If Intel is not grabbing them by the balls, then it is simply AMD. It is the identical factor. Hyperscalers wish to management their very own future and ARM permits them to.

ARM Assault on small measurement cloud corporations:

  • Ampere will permit smaller cloud corporations to purchase into ARM If Ampere was a public firm, I would be shopping for loads.

  • Anandtech simply mentioned that Ampere’s newest 80-core chip is 42% higher than Epyc when it comes to value/efficiency

  • Ampere is releasing a 128-core chip in 2021

  • Anandtech says Ampere’s 2022 N1 Neoverse chip might be 50% sooner at minimal

  • Thoroughly-funded startup Nuvia can be competing right here


  • Apple will not use AMD GPUs of their computer systems. Bloomberg studies that Apple is testing 64-core and 128-core GPUs. For reference, M1 has 8 GPU cores.

  • Nvidia’s grip on server GPUs and AI is tight and AMD has a mountain to climb as a way to catchup

  • With ARM, Nvidia can now provide full server items from CPU to GPU to interconnects, identical to AMD

  • Intel is becoming a member of the cloud GPU competitors, they usually’re anticipated to make use of TSMC to fabricate Xe GPUs.


  • Cellular gaming is now 3x larger than consoles

  • Consoles are a low-margin enterprise

  • It is fairly attainable that PS5/Xbox Collection X are the final consoles ever if AAA gaming strikes to the cloud within the subsequent 6-7 years


  • As extra corporations transfer to in-house designs, competitors for TSMC wafers are anticipated to extend considerably

  • Apple is more likely to proceed to carry a node benefit lead as a result of they’ve much more money and much more quantity. Apple’s quantity will possible improve considerably with Apple Silicon Macs. Ming-Chi Kuo expects Apple to promote 35 million Macs/12 months by 2023.

  • In contrast to Intel, AMD doesn’t have a node benefit over Qualcomm, Ampere, Nuvia, Nvidia, Amazon, Microsoft, and many others.

  • Intel is anticipated to decide on whether or not they are going to spend money on their 7nm course of node in Spring of 2021 or use TSMC. If Intel decides to go fabless as an alternative, AMD will lose its node benefit over Intel and wafer costs will improve for everybody. Intel will use TSMC 3nm.

When you’re shopping for into AMD long-term, it’s important to consider that:

  • AMD will turn out to be a monopoly within the x86 market in report time

  • Intel won’t swap to TSMC and doesn’t repair its node points. Principally, you anticipate Intel to do nothing. Intel’s Alder Lake is a big return to the efficiency crown.

  • AMD could make sufficient progress in Zen to delay the inevitable full ARM dominance

  • AMD is engaged on ARM chips now, or will purchase Ampere/Nuvia to enter the ARM race

  • Wall Road will reply effectively if AMD decides to go ARM and wager in opposition to their very own money cow: Epyc

  • AMD can finally compete with Nvidia in GPUs/AI

  • AMD takes an enormous piece of the cloud gaming pie

  • Consoles could have one other technology after PS5/Xbox

  • Microsoft, Google, Baidu, Tencent, Qualcomm, Nuvia, Nvidia, Intel fail to compete with Zen and Radeon

My private suggestion:

  • You may personal AMD

  • You are loopy in the event you’re nonetheless all-in on AMD

  • You need to diversify your portfolio with TSMC, Apple, Amazon, Microsoft, Nvidia This suggestion proved to be smart. AMD is getting downgraded whereas Apple, Microsoft, and Nvidia proceed to soar. Amazon is doing effectively. TSMC is okay.

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