Factbox-Is Russia’s Nationwide Wealth Fund deep sufficient to counteract sanctions? By Reuters


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© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: A Russian rouble banknote is seen in entrance of a descending and rising inventory graph on this illustration taken March 1, 2022. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration

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MOSCOW (Reuters) – Russia plans to faucet its Nationwide Wealth Fund (NWF), a wet day cushion, after it scrapped its borrowing plan this yr amid Western sanctions and mentioned it might spend as much as 1 trillion roubles ($9.34 billion) to purchase shares in Russian corporations.

The plan to faucet the fund, initially designated to assist the finances to cowl pension fund’s deficit, comes as Moscow confronted harsh financial sanctions from the US, European Union and their allies after Russia invaded to Ukraine final week.

Russia calls its actions in Ukraine a “particular operation” that it says isn’t designed to occupy territory however to destroy its neighbour’s navy capabilities and seize what it regards as harmful nationalists.

The sanctions noticed an enormous a part of the central financial institution’s gold and overseas change reserves frozen and its greatest banks had been minimize off from the SWIFT worldwide banking messaging system.

Foreign exchange property held by the NWF are a part of Russia’s total gold and foreign exchange reserves of $643 billion.

HOW BIG IS THE FUND?

Beneath a fiscal rule adopted in 2017 to strengthen the NWF Russia buys overseas foreign money when oil costs are excessive and sells when costs go under $44 per barrel, shielding the rouble from oil worth swings.

The fund had 13.6 trillion roubles, equal to 10.2% of the gross home product initially projected for 2022, or $174.9 billion, as of Feb. 1, in line with the finance ministry.

ARE ALL THE NWF’S ASSETS AVAILABLE TO USE?

Out of complete $174.9 billion, liquid a part of the fund, or property on the central financial institution’s accounts, stood at $112.7 billion, or 8.8 trillion roubles, equal to six.6% of GDP projected for this yr as of Feb. 1, the ministry mentioned.

In money, the central financial institution holds:

– 38.6 billion euros;

– 4.2 billion British kilos;

– 600.3 billion Japanese yen;

– 226.8 billion ;

– 405.8 tonnes of gold in money equal;

– 266 million roubles

HOW MUCH OF NWF IS INVESTED INTO NON-LIQUID ASSETS?

– 530.6 billion roubles in deposits on the state improvement financial institution VEB, as on Feb. 1, the ministry mentioned;

– $3 billion in overseas nations’ debt devices;

– 294.8 billion roubles and $4.1 billion price of Russian securities linked to massive infrastructure tasks;

– 279 billion roubles price of most popular shares at various banks;

– 138.4 billion roubles at subordinated deposits held at VTB and Gazprombank and associated to massive infrastructure tasks;

– 3 trillion roubles of Sberbank shares;

– 47.4 billion roubles of Aeroflot shares

($1 = 107.1000 roubles)

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